The consensus estimates are collected by Vara Research GmbH, a provider of independent external investor relations services, on behalf of voestalpine AG and are based solely on estimates made by analysts. voestalpine is not involved in the preparation of the consensus estimates. The estimates also do not reflect the opinion or assessment of voestalpine. The estimates are for informational purposes only. voestalpine assumes no liability and makes no representations as to the accuracy or correctness of the consensus estimates.